By default, WordPress shows your most recent posts in reverse chronological order on the front page of your site. Many WordPress users want a static front page or splash page as the front page instead. This “static front page” look is common for users desiring static or welcoming information on the front page of the site.
WordPress static front page process
To determine the Home Page as the Static Page, you have to go to: Settings > Reading and then check “A Static Page”.
How to change the number of posts you see
Go to: Settings > Reading and in “Blog pages show at most” choose the number of the posts you want to see.